About Abia State

Abia state MapAbia State is located in the south eastern region of Nigeria, occupying around 5834 square kilometers of land. Umuahia is its capital city. The other major town areas include Arochukwu, Nbawsi, Abiriba, Ohafia, Ovim, Omoba, Akwete, Osisioma, Obehie, Isuochi, Mgboko and Aba, a large commercial centre. The state is bounded by the Ebonyi, Enugu and Anambra states on the northeast and north side, Imo State on the west, Rivers state on the south and Akwa Ibom and Cross River states on the southeast and east. There are 17 local government areas in Abia, each headed by a chairman who is elected democratically.


Abia State was created in 1991 from the former Imo State. It’s one of thirty-six states in Nigeria’s Federal Republic. In 1960 at the country’s independence, Abia was included in the Eastern Region. In 1976, the Federal Military Government divided the East Central State into two, namely the Imo and Anambra. Then, in 1991, General lbrahimBabangida separated Abia State under the Federal Military Government from Imo State.


The Abia people are predominantly of the Igbo ethnic group. Abia is actually an acronym that is formed from the first letters of the four groups namely, the Aba; the Bende; the lsuikwuato, and the Afikpo. The people are known to be very hospitable, industrious, accommodating and market oriented. Abia’s people are also mainly entrepreneurial and Christians.


Abia is richly blessed culturally, which is evident in their style of dressing, arts and crafts, dancing, festivals and the traditional lgbo hospitality. The traditional language of the state is Igbo, but English is spoken widely and is used as the official language in business and governance.

Different types of music are used to suit many occasions such as work, funeral, childbirth, leisure, and festivals. They use musical instruments which includes the gong, wooden drums, iar, traditional flute, leather drums, earthen pot drums and many percussion instruments.

Each community has different festival celebrations in honour of the goddesses and gods or to mark some important events. There are also annual celebrations for the harvest season and the start of the planting season.

The state produce works of art which include carved stools, doors, walking sticks, mortars, pestles, gongs and traditional flutes. The traditional Ukawa ast Akwete cloth is one of the noteworthy pieces of art work.

The religion in Abia State is predominantly Christians with different denominations. Some Muslims are also present and the believers of the two religions live together peacefully. There are also some people who are animists, believing in the Chukwu Being. The traditional worshippers are of the belief that the deities have the ability to exercise very strong influence on man’s destiny.