About Nigeria

fb0e4e608bbcd706ab99900188c29574Although English is the official language, the country is almost 3,000 miles from England and more than double that distance to the United States. The reason that English is the dominant language spoken in this federal republic is that its recent history is found in British colonialism in the 1800’s and early 1900’s. British colonialism is defined by Wikipedia as a comprisal of territories ruled by or administered by the United Kingdom; such as dominions, colonies, protectorates and mandates. Trading posts and overseas possessions are described by Wikipedia as the origins of colonialism by the British Empire. The ruling system the kingdom used in Nigeria is known as “indirect rule,” or “native administration.” Basically this meant that traditional chiefs maintained a lot of the control, with European officers serving as overseers.

Because of the British influence, the natives were subject to western education, Christian beliefs and the English language. This was especially true in Southern Nigeria, and less so in Northern Nigeria. The name came from the Niger River, which runs along its banks. This doesn’t mean that there weren’t other languages before British rule. In fact, as many as 250 languages are spoken there.

Divide-and-rule, similar to divide-and-conquer; was the order of the day. This kept the Nigerians from rising up in a united opposition to the status quo. The groups of citizens were kept separate from each other as much as feasible.

Nigerians gained their independence from the British in 1960, but about 40 years prior to that many Nigerians joined other dark-skinned people in Pan-Americanism, with the liberation of black people from domination from Europeans and from racism. Even earlier than that, there were many efforts to liberate themselves from British rule.

People

The population of Nigeria is over 174 million people, making it the most populous country in Africa and the 7th most populous in the entire world. Within that large population is found about 500 distinct ethnic groups; with about 60% falling under the categories of the Yorubas, Igbos and Hausa combined. In addition to falling under the umbrella of ethnic groups, Igbo and Yoruba also serve as some of the native religions that still prevail today. However, there are also Muslims and Christians, as mentioned earlier.
Culture

The people still cherish many of their traditions, even ones dating back before British colonialism. For example, dance, music, literature and language take on the sheen of the past. Ivory carving, grass and cloth weaving are common. Conservative dress styles, while as diverse as other aspects of its citizens, is ordinary. Soccer could be called the national sport, but the more wealthy also participate in swimming, cricket and polo.
Economy

Just as is the case with its population size, the economy is robust. In fact, in 2014, its Gross Domestic Product became the largest in the African continent, at a reported $500 billion. It’s an oil rich country, with many wells and other assets. In many ways, the economy has placed Nigeria on the world stage, with many statistics reporting and projecting its high-profile future as a key player in the global economy.

States
Nigeria states have experienced a series of transformation during the civilian and military rule. Prior to independence in 1960, Nigeria was ruled as a federation of the Northern, Western, and Eastern provinces .In 1963, two province merged Today there are 36 states in Nigeria with Abuja as the capital of Nigeria. The states are further sub-divieded into local governments. At the time of writing this article, there are around 774 Local Government Areas in Nigeria. to form the new Mid-Western Region. As a result of military intervention in 1967, some of these provinces were replaced by 12 states.

State History Culture People
Abuja About Abuja Abuja Culture Abuja People
Abia State About Abia state Abia state culture Abia State people
Adamawa State About Adamawa State Adamawa State Culture Adamawa State People
Akwa Ibom State About Akwa Ibom State Akwa Ibom State culture Akwa Ibom State people
Anambra State About Anambra State Anambra State culture Anambra State People
Bauchi State About Bauchi State
Bauchi State Culture Bauchi State People
Bayelsa State About Bayelsa state Bayelsa state culture Bayelsa State people
Benue State About Benue State Benue State Culture Benue State People
Borno State About Borno State Borno State culture Borno State people
Cross River State About Cross River State Cross River State culture Cross River State People
Bauchi State About Delta State Delta State Culture Delta State People
Ebonyi State About Ebonyi State Ebonyi State culture Ebonyi State people
Edo State About Edo State Edo State Culture Edo State People
Ekiti State About Ekiti State Ekiti State Culture Ekiti State People
Enugu State About Enugu State Enugu State Culture Enugu State People
Bauchi State About Bauchi State Bauchi State Culture Bauchi State People
Gombe State About Gombe state Gombe state culture Gombe State people
Imo State About Imo State Imo State Culture Imo State People
Jigawa State About Jigawa State Jigawa State Culture Jigawa State People
Kaduna State About Kaduna State Kaduna State culture Kaduna State People
Kano State About Kano State Kano State Culture Kano State People
Katsina State About Katsina State Katsina State Culture Katsina State People
kebbi State About kebbi State kebbi State Culture kebbi State People
Kogi State About Kogi State Kogi State Culture Kogi State People
Kwara State About Kwara State Kwara State Culture Kwara State People
Lagos State About Lagos state Lagos state culture Lagos State people
Nasarawa State About Nasarawa State Nasarawa State Culture Nasarawa State People
Niger State About Niger State Niger State Culture Niger State People
Ogun State About Ogun State Ogun State culture Ogun State People
Ondo State About Ondo State Ondo State Culture Ondo State People
Osun State About Osun State Osun State Culture Osun State People
Oyo State About Oyo State Oyo State Culture Oyo State People
Plateau State About Plateau State Plateau State Culture Plateau State People
Rivers State About Rivers State Rivers State Culture Rivers State People
Sokoto State About Sokoto State Sokoto State culture Sokoto State people
Taraba State About Taraba State Taraba State Culture Taraba State People
Yobe State About Yobe State Yobe State Culture Yobe State People
Zamfara State About Zamfara State Zamfara State culture Zamfara State People