About Nigeria

fb0e4e608bbcd706ab99900188c29574Although English is the official language, the country is almost 3,000 miles from England and more than double that distance to the United States. The reason that English is the dominant language spoken in this federal republic is that its recent history is found in British colonialism in the 1800’s and early 1900’s. British colonialism is defined by Wikipedia as a comprisal of territories ruled by or administered by the United Kingdom; such as dominions, colonies, protectorates and mandates. Trading posts and overseas possessions are described by Wikipedia as the origins of colonialism by the British Empire. The ruling system the kingdom used in Nigeria is known as “indirect rule,” or “native administration.” Basically this meant that traditional chiefs maintained a lot of the control, with European officers serving as overseers.

Because of the British influence, the natives were subject to western education, Christian beliefs and the English language. This was especially true in Southern Nigeria, and less so in Northern Nigeria. The name came from the Niger River, which runs along its banks. This doesn’t mean that there weren’t other languages before British rule. In fact, as many as 250 languages are spoken there.

Divide-and-rule, similar to divide-and-conquer; was the order of the day. This kept the Nigerians from rising up in a united opposition to the status quo. The groups of citizens were kept separate from each other as much as feasible.

Nigerians gained their independence from the British in 1960, but about 40 years prior to that many Nigerians joined other dark-skinned people in Pan-Americanism, with the liberation of black people from domination from Europeans and from racism. Even earlier than that, there were many efforts to liberate themselves from British rule.


The population of Nigeria is over 174 million people, making it the most populous country in Africa and the 7th most populous in the entire world. Within that large population is found about 500 distinct ethnic groups; with about 60% falling under the categories of the Yorubas, Igbos and Hausa combined. In addition to falling under the umbrella of ethnic groups, Igbo and Yoruba also serve as some of the native religions that still prevail today. However, there are also Muslims and Christians, as mentioned earlier.

The people still cherish many of their traditions, even ones dating back before British colonialism. For example, dance, music, literature and language take on the sheen of the past. Ivory carving, grass and cloth weaving are common. Conservative dress styles, while as diverse as other aspects of its citizens, is ordinary. Soccer could be called the national sport, but the more wealthy also participate in swimming, cricket and polo.

Just as is the case with its population size, the economy is robust. In fact, in 2014, its Gross Domestic Product became the largest in the African continent, at a reported $500 billion. It’s an oil rich country, with many wells and other assets. In many ways, the economy has placed Nigeria on the world stage, with many statistics reporting and projecting its high-profile future as a key player in the global economy.

Nigeria states have experienced a series of transformation during the civilian and military rule. Prior to independence in 1960, Nigeria was ruled as a federation of the Northern, Western, and Eastern provinces .In 1963, two province merged Today there are 36 states in Nigeria with Abuja as the capital of Nigeria. The states are further sub-divieded into local governments. At the time of writing this article, there are around 774 Local Government Areas in Nigeria. to form the new Mid-Western Region. As a result of military intervention in 1967, some of these provinces were replaced by 12 states.

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Akwa Ibom State About Akwa Ibom State Akwa Ibom State culture Akwa Ibom State people
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